If you are looking to have several sites or blogs under one WordPress installation, WordPress Multisite is your answer. This is much different from a standalone site where you have just one website or blog in one installation. In addition to hosting multiple sites at once, WordPress Multisite feature lets you manage them all in one dashboard.
Collectively, all the sites you can have in one installation is referred to as a network. We are going to be using this term a lot in this article.
In this guide, we will be looking into what WordPress Multisite is all about, and its architecture. Most importantly, we will show you how to set it up. Setting up a Multisite is the same as setting up a typical standalone website. So, there is nothing too difficult about it.
In this guide:
What is WordPress Multisite?
In simple terms, WordPress Multisite, like we earlier said, is a collection of websites/blog that runs on one WordPress installation. All the sites in the network share the same domain and server resources. Each site is assigned to a subdomain or subdirectory.
The multisite feature was added to WordPress in 2010 when version 3.0 was released. The idea behind it is to let web owners that run several sites manage their websites easily, from one dashboard.
There is no limit to the number of websites you can have in a multisite network. And with one password and username, you can access them all. WordPress.com, a typical multisite, has over 30 million sites in its network.
To manage a WordPress Multisite, there has to be a super admin and a network admin. The super admin oversees the operation of the WordPress multisite network. He also determines themes and plugins to use and assigns roles. The network admin controls the activities on an individual site. We have created a tutorial for creating WordPress user roles. Do well to check it out if you don’t know how to create and assign roles yet.
When Do You Need WordPress Multisite?
Not everybody needs a Multisite. A Multisite network will be needful if you:
- Intend to manage multiple blogs, with each blog hosted on a different subdomain.
- Run a company or organization split into different departments, spread across different locations and languages. An example is BBC blogs. BBC delivers its content in different languages and serves different regions.
- Operate a subscription-based business where subscribers can create their own website within the network. WordPress.Com is a good example.
Times When You Don’t Need a Multisite
WordPress Multisite feature won’t be useful if you:
- Plan to run one site, or a couple on different domains.
- Are creating several websites, but for different clients.
- Intend installing different themes and plugins on the sites under your management.
Pros and Cons of WordPress Multisite
- Saves time, thus increasing efficiency.
- Makes it easy for you to focus on the core of your business while delegating management responsibilities to others.
- All the websites in your network can be accessed in one dashboard.
- A Multisite is prone to a security breach. Should a hacker gain access to just one site, the rest would go down.
- Prone to heavy downtime. If a site in the network goes down the rest would follow suit.
- Not all web hosts support Multiple Site. So if yours doesn’t support it, you have a problem there.
- Multisite is not supported by some WordPress plugins.
With all that said, let’s get into the core of this article: how to set up WordPress Multisite.
Note that if you want to skip the hassle of setting up multisite, you can have our developers do it for you. Simply request our service and one of our developers will get to work on it immediately.
How to Set Up WordPress Multisite
Step #1: Decide your network structure
There are two options like we had earlier outlined, for setting up a Multisite. One is sub-domain, and the other is sub-directory.
A sub-domain looks something like this:
SiteA here stands for one of the individual sites in the network. Mywebsite.com is the core domain.
A subdirectory looks something like this:
Whatever option you go for, the step for setting up a Multisite is the same. Only that if you opt for sub-domain, you will need to first set up what is known as a wildcard. We will see how to do that shortly.
Note: Sub-directory only works well for a fresh WordPress installation. Should you try it on an existent blog, you will run into problems. So, it’s recommended you go with sub-domain as against subdirectory in such a situation.
Setting up Wildcard Subdomain
To do this, log into your c-Panel, navigate to subdomains. In the subdomain field, type in “*”, and then choose the main domain for the setup.
Next, click Create.
Note: First, not all interfaces are the same. The hosting company interface might be different from the one above. If you can’t locate the subdomain tab, reach out to your host.
Second, not all host support wildcard. If yours doesn’t support it, also reach out and ask for help.
Step #2 Download and Install WordPress
This step is pretty forward. You just have to download and install WordPress in the same way you do for a standalone website.
Step #3 Activate Multisite on the New Installation
With WordPress installed and activated, activate the Multisite feature. To do this, you need to access WordPress ‘wp-config.php’ file and add a simple line of code.
To do this, access your site via an FTP client like Filezilla. Next, locate the folder within which you installed WordPress, and in this folder, scan to find your wp-config file.
Right click on the file, then click View/Edit. Next, add the following line of code:
define( ‘WP_ALLOW_MULTISITE’, true );
Ensure you paste it just before the line of code that reads:
/* That’s all, stop editing! Happy blogging. */
Now save, close, and allow FileZilla to upload the new file with changes. However, keep FileZilla open as you would be adding more code to this file.
Step #4 Deactivate all Plugins
To avoid technical problems, deactivate all active plugins on your website before activating Multisite. This documentation by WordPress explains why deactivating all plugins is needful.
To deactivate all plugins, log into your WordPress dashboard, go to Plugins >> Installed Plugins.
Next, tick the first checkbox. Doing this will select all installed plugins.
Just above the checkbox, you will see a dropdown box with “Bulk Actions”. Click it and select Deactivate.
Finally, click the Apply button.
Step #5: Configure the Multisite Network
Navigate to Tools >> Network Setup.
On the next screen, choose between a subdomain and subdirectory architecture. Set a title for your network, and set the Network Admin email. Click Install.
After the installation has completed, you will see the following line of code right in your dashboard.
Copy the first block of code (block 1), to the wp-config file. Ensure the code is pasted above the commented line that reads:
/* That’s all, stop editing! Happy blogging. */
Save the file and close.
Next, copy the second block of code (block 2) to the .htaccess file. To access the .htaccess file, follow the same step we had initially discussed for wp-config file. Of course, you need FileZilla, or any other FTP client of your choice. Replace this block of code in the .htaccess file with the one you copied.
Next, save and close this file. When prompted by FileZilla to upload, click “Yes”
Finally, click on the Log In link just beneath the second block.
If you followed all the outlined steps so far, you would have successfully set up your Multisite. Your new dashboard should look something like this:
The next step now is to complete the Multisite you’ve just set up.
How to Complete Multisite Network Setup
To add a new site, change themes or install plugins for your network site, you need to visit the Multisite dashboard. To do this, hover above the My Sites link at the top of the dashboard. Next, select Network admin >> Dashboard.
From the Multisite dashboard, you can alter the settings of your sites. To do this, navigate to Settings >> Network Settings
What you would see next is this:
From here, you can set the following settings:
- Registration Settings: Determine if subscribers can create sites in the network or not. You also get to determine how admins grant access to new users.
- New site setting: Here, you get to set a custom welcome message for new users and website owners on your network.
- Upload setting: Set limit to the maximum file size admins within your network can upload. You can also determine the allowable file type.
- Language setting: Choose the default language your Multisite would be operated in.
- Menu Settings: If you want admins to work with their preferred plugin, check the checkbox. Else, leave it unchecked.
Adding New Sites to Your Network
Once you are done tweaking the settings of your new Multisite, you are ready to add new sites to it. To begin with, head over to My Sites >> Network Setup >> Sites. Click the Create a New Site link. What you would see next is this:
Set the new site’s URL (e.g. siteA.mywebsite.com), choose a site title and Admin email. Click the Add Site button.
Adding Themes and Plugins
WordPress automatically assigns the Super Admin role to whoever installs WordPress first. As the Super Admin, it’s in your power to determine the plugins and themes to be used on the Multisite.
To add a theme, navigate to My Sites >> Network Admin >> Themes. Themes are installed in the same way as they are installed in conventional standalone sites.
Follow the same step as above for adding a theme to add a new plugin.
Do bear in mind, however, that the plugins you had earlier deactivated before setting up the Multisite will still be available. Choose the ones you wish to keep and activate them.
WordPress never stops updating, and it doesn’t matter if you run a single blog or multisite. Updates can be done just at the click of the button whenever it’s available. Any update you make will automatically spread through all other sites in your network.
You add users in a Multisite, just the same way you would for a standalone website. In your Multisite dashboard, go to Users >> Add New. To assign roles to users, click All Users.
Set a username for the user, then type in their email. To access all users on your Multisite, click All Users. From here you can set a profile picture for the user, create a bio for them, and determine which user gets super admin privileges.
WordPress Multisite feature, as you have seen in this article, is the go-to solution for managing several websites at a time. To make effective use of this feature, you need to understand how WordPress user roles work. Not to worry, we have covered the WordPress user roles.
The performance of your Multisite will depend on how good your WordPress hosting is. If the bandwidth is limited, you might experience frequent downtimes. So ensure you go with a host provider that offers good value for money.
Setting up a Multisite is quite easy and simple – you just have to follow, meticulously, all the steps outlined here. However, if you are still not sure how to do this get professional WordPress help from our team.
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